Himachal Pradesh is situated in the Western Himalayas, spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state. The state is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in Asia.
Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population and Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state. Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Himachali languages (locally also known as Pahari).
Transportation: State is well connected by Air, Rail and Road ways.
Airway: Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh.
• Bhuntar Airport is in Kullu district, around 10 kilometres from district headquarters.
• Gaggal Airport is in Kangra district, around 15 kilometres from Dharamshala.
• Shimla Airport is around 21 kilometres west of the city.
Railway: The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Una Himachal railway station to Nagal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur.
Narrow-gauge lines-Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridges, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys.
Roadway: Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres including eight National Highways (NH) and 19 State Highways.